Hi guys! Today I’m going to talk about llamas.
A baby llama is called a cria, and a group of llamas is called a herd.
Llamas are actually relatives of camels, though they don’t have humps. They have been domesticated and used for hundreds of years. They helped the ancient peoples of South America (and the people today) carry loads up to 75 pounds.
They feed on grass and can traverse the Andes Mountains easily. They have two toes, and are much more sure-footed than a horse or a mule would be. They don’t need much water, which is helpful on the rugged terrain. Their blood also contains a high quantity of hemoglobin, which helps in their high-altitude environments.
While llamas and alpacas are often confused, they are actually different animals. Alpacas are smaller than llamas, and have much smaller faces and ears. Alpacas also have shaggier hair that is better for making wool, and llamas have coarser, tougher wool.
Because they are domesticated animals, they are not at risk of extinction. I hope you enjoyed learning about these adorable, fluffy creatures!